Is Silver Hydroxide Soluble in Water?

Rules for Learning the Solubility of Ionic Compounds in Water

Negative Ions+Positive Ions=Solubility of compounds in waterExample
(Anions)(Cations)
any anion+alkali ions=solublesodium fluoride, NaF, is soluble
(Li+,Na+,K+,Rb+,Cs+,Fr+)
any anion+hydrogen ion=solublesodium hydride, NaH, is soluble
[H+(aq)]
any anion+amonium ion=solubleammonium chloride, NH4Cl, is soluble
(NH4+)
nitrate+any cation=solublepotassium nitrate, KNO3, is soluble
NO3
acetate+any cation=solublesodium acetate, CH3COONa, is soluble
(CH3COO)
Chloride (Cl), Bromide (Br), Iodide (I)+silver (Ag+), lead (Pb2+), mercury (Hg2+), copper (Cu+), thallium (Tl+)=low solubility (insoluble)silver chloride, AgCl, forms a white precipitate (a white solid)
+any other cation=solublepotassium bromide, KBr, is soluble
Suphate+calcium (Ca2+), strontium (Sr2+), barium (Ba2+), silver (Ag+), lead (Pb2+), radium (Ra2+)=low solubility (insoluble)barium sulphate, BaSO4, forms a white precipitate (a white solid)
(SO42-)+any other cation=solublecopper sulphate, CuSO4, is soluble
Sulfide+alkali ions (Li+,Na+,K+,Rb+,Cs+,Fr+), alkali earth metals (Be2+,Mg2+,Ca2+,Sr2+,Ba2+,Ra2+),=solublemagnesium sulfide, MgS, is soluble
S2-and H+(aq), NH4+
 +any other cation=low solubility (insoluble)zinc sulfide, ZnS, is insoluble
Hydroxide+alkali ions (Li+,Na+,K+,Rb+,Cs+,Fr+), H+(aq),NH4+,Sr2+,Ba2+,Ra2+,Tl+=solublestrontium hydroxide,
OHSr(OH)2, is soluble
 +any other cation=low solubility (insoluble)silver hydroxide, AgOH, is insoluble (forms a precipitate)
Phosphate, PO43-, Carbonate, CO32-, sulphite, SO32-+alkali ions (Li+,Na+,K+,Rb+,Cs+,Fr+), H+(aq),NH4+=solubleammonium phosphate,
(NH4)3PO4, is soluble
+any other cation=low solubility (insoluble)magnesium carbonate, MgCO3, is insoluble

 

 

  • All compounds of the ammonium ion (NH4+), and of Alkali metal (Group IA) cations, are soluble.
  • All nitrates and acetates (ethanoates) are soluble.
  • All chlorides, bromides and iodides are soluble EXCEPT those of silver, lead and mercury(I).
  • All sulphates are soluble EXCEPT those of silver, lead, mercury(I), barium, strontium and calcium.
  • All carbonates, sulfites and phosphates are insoluble EXCEPT those of ammonium and Alkali metal (Group IA) cations.
  • All hydroxides are insoluble EXCEPT those of ammonium, barium and alkali metal (Group I) cations.
  • All sulfides are insoluble EXCEPT those of ammonium, Alkali metal (GroupI) cations and Alkali earth metal (Group II) cations.
  • All oxides are insoluble EXCEPT those of calcium, barium and Alkali metal (Group I) cations; these soluble ones actually react with the water to form hydroxides (hydrolyse).

 

 

Is Silver Hydroxide Soluble in Water | The Solubility of Ionic Compounds

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